The externalisation of Europe’s data protection law in Morocco: a shift towards migrants’ surveillance?

EU data protection Law allows international data transfer to third countries only when the European protection standards are met. This condition demands for the externalisation of the EU legal framework in order to guarantee a fair international trade-exchange. For this reason, Morocco has been moving towards the EU principles and values. Yet, it has not reached the adequacy parameter set forth in the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). Introducing new legal channels for data transfer and suppressing red-tape bureaucracy, the GDPR improves the exchange of trans-Mediterranean information. However, being international data transfer a new tool of migrants’ surveillance, the new GDPR provisions would also contribute to the purposes of the interoperability reform comprised in Regulations no. 817 and 818 of 2019.